Mireille Paquet

Assistant Professor, Department of Political Science, Concordia University

I work on immigration in Canada, Canadian and Quebec politics, public administration, equality and feminism. Francophone et bilingue!


The Federalization of Immigration in Canada by Mireille Paquet

Public lecture by Mireille Paquet, Ph.D. Presented by Australian Centre for Federalism (ACF) In Canada, immigration is a concurrent jurisdiction according to the Constitution. Since 1867 and despite formal powers, subnational governments have resisted any implication in this policy area, preferring a strong federal leadership in policy design and policy implementation. The gradual liberalization of Canada’s immigrant selection policies and the modernization of the country’s approach to immigrant integration was the result of federal unilateral activities. Since the 1990s, this peaceful pattern of federal dominance and subnational passive avoidance has dissipated in favour of a growing mobilization of subnational mobilization regarding immigration. Over time, this mobilization has contributed to a federalization of the governance of immigration in Canada; subnational governments have gained growing immigrant selection powers, are now central players in the design and implementation of national policies related to immigrant integration and immigration is the object of intergovernmental conflicts. This presentation explores the mechanisms that have supported this gradual process of institutional change, in particular the subnational governments’ state-building efforts in reaction to a shifting economic and political context at the national and international scale. About the speaker: Mireille Paquet is an assistant professor of political science at Concordia University, in Canada. She is the director of the Centre for Immigration Policy Evaluation (concordia.ca/artsci/polisci/research/cipe.html) and a leading expert in Canadian immigration politics and policies. Her current work – funded by the FQRSC – focuses on the governance of immigration and integration policies in federal regimes (Canada, United States and Australia), with a specific attention to the activism and activities of subnational units. Mireille Paquet is also conducting research on public administration and immigration, and is especially interested in the role of public servants in the formulation of immigrant selection policies. View her full profile here : concordia.ca/faculty/mireille-paquet.html politicsir.cass.anu.edu.au/centres/australian-centre-for-federalism/events/the-federalization-of-immigration-in-canada

Les conférences de PROMIS - Mireille Paquet : Provinces et fédéralisation de l’immigration - Partie1

Mme Mireille Paquet professeure adjointe au département de science politique de l’Université Concordia et directrice du Centre pour l’évaluation des politiques d’immigration de Concordia vous présente la conférence : « Les provinces et la fédéralisation de l’immigration au Canada ». Au-delà du Québec, quelles sont les actions que les provinces canadiennes mettent en œuvre en matière d’immigration et d’intégration à l’heure actuelle ? Cette conférence présentera les principaux politiques, programmes et instruments qui composent les approches contemporaines des 10 provinces canadiennes en la matière. Elle illustrera les différences et similitudes entre l’approche québécoise et les approches des autres provinces, tout en montrant comment la mobilisation des gouvernements provinciaux a une influence de plus en plus importante sur les politiques et priorités du gouvernement fédéral en matière d’immigration et d’intégration. Suivez-la sur twitter : https://twitter.com/Mireille_Paquet Conférence du mercredi 9 mars Les conférences de PROMIS sont gratuites! Retrouvez plus d'information sur la conférence de Mireille Paquet : http://promis.qc.ca/?p=2793 Suivez nos pages Facebook PROMIS à Montréal et PROMIS – S’établir dans les régions du Québec Les conférences PROMIS sont filmées, vous pouvez les consulter sur notre chaîne YouTube.

Thousands gather in Montreal to protest charter of Quebec values

CTV News, September 13, 2013Television

URL: http://www.ctvnews.ca/canada/thousands-gather-in-montreal-to-protest-charter-of-quebec-values-1.1454721

Interviewed to discuss societal responses to the proposals to establish a charter of Quebec values.

Quebec Election Campaign

CTV National News, September 24, 2014Television

URL: http://www.ctvnews.ca/video?clipId=443335

Discussion of the 2014 Quebec election.

Justin Trudeau looks to maintain momentum, limit risk during French debate

CBC News, September 24, 2015Television

URL: http://www.cbc.ca/news/politics/canada-election-2015-french-leaders-debate-trudeau-1.3241972

Discussion of Trudeau's strategies in preparation for the French-language debate.

Couillard distances his team from Normandeau

CTV News, March 18, 2016Television

URL: http://montreal.ctvnews.ca/couillard-distances-his-team-from-normandeau-1.2822992

Interview regarding the Quebec Premier's reaction to accusations of corruption toward Nathalie Normandeau.

5 themes to watch for at the leaders' French-language debate

CTV National News, March 24, 2015Television

URL: http://www.ctvnews.ca/politics/election/5-themes-to-watch-for-at-the-leaders-french-language-debate-1.2579073

Discussion about what to expect during the 2015 leaders' French-Language debate.

The Current (CBC Radio), February 9, 2016Radio/Podcast

URL: http://www.cbc.ca/radio/thecurrent/the-current-for-february-9-2016-1.3439834/waves-of-feminism-collide-between-clinton-and-sanders-supporters-1.3439845

In the wake of Gloria Steinem's comments about young feminist during Hillary Clinton's bid for the presidential nomination, I discussed the multiple streams of feminism present in contemporary politics.

Plus difficile de devenir Canadien (Annabelle Blais)

La Presse, July 21, 2014Print

URL: http://www.lapresse.ca/actualites/national/201407/21/01-4785435-plus-difficile-de-devenir-canadien.php

Interview sur les changements apportés par le gouvernement fédéral aux procédures de naturalisation.

Les demandes de citoyenneté approuvées en baisse de 50 % (Annabelle Blais)

La Presse, July 21, 2014Print

URL: http://plus.lapresse.ca/screens/43ca4a74-53c9-41db-9c48-5f0dac1c606a%7C_0.html

Discussion de l'effet des changements aux politiques de naturalisation et de citoyenneté du gouvernement fédéral.

Les travailleurs nés au pays avantagés en matière d'emploi (Jean-Philippe Boudreau)

La Presse, August 7, 2014Print

URL: http://www.lapresse.ca/actualites/national/201408/06/01-4789907-les-travailleurs-nes-au-pays-avantages-en-matiere-demploi.php

Discussion de l'impact des changements aux politiques fédérales de sélection des immigrants sur l'intégration économique de ces derniers.

Ibbitson, John. Canada's electoral geography: Where parties are likely to gain seats; The country is comprised of five political regions: Atlantic Canada, Quebec, Ontario, the Prairies and B.C.

The Globe and Mail, September 2, 2015Print

URL: http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/politics/canadas-electoral-geography-where-parties-are-likely-to-gain-seats/article25816225/

Interviewed as part of John Ibbitson's analysis of the geography of the 2015 election.

Québec Solidaire boasts highest number of female candidates Coalition Avenir Québec falls behind other main political parties with 23% female candidates

CBC News, March 19, 2014Online

URL: http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/montreal/quebec-votes-2014/qu%C3%A9bec-solidaire-boasts-highest-number-of-female-candidates-1.2578350

Discussion of female candidate in the 2014 Quebec election.

La fédéralisation de l'immigration au Canada (French Edition)
by Mireille Paquet
Les Presses de l'Université de Montréal
March 29, 2016

The Federalization of Immigration and Integration in Canada

Published by Canadian Journal of Political Science

September 1, 2014

Between 1990 and 2010, a gradual process of institutional change has affected Canada's immigration and integration governance regime. The central characteristic of this process is the emergence of a new legitimate institutional group of actors: Canadian provinces. This change corresponds to a federalization of Canada's immigration and integration governance regime. It is a break from the previous pattern of federal dominance and provincial avoidance. It is not the result of diminished federal intervention in immigration and cannot be explained by exogenous shocks. Current explanations of this evolution focus on federal decisions and have trouble explaining provincial mobilization. Using a mechanistic approach to the analysis of social processes and insights on gradual institutional changes, this article demonstrates that provinces have been the central agents bringing about the federalization of Canada's immigration and integration governance regime between 1990 and 2010. Via a mechanism of province building centred on immigration, provinces have triggered and maintained in movement a decentralizing mechanism. The interactions of these two mechanisms, over time, gave rise to the federalization of immigration and integration in Canada.

URL: https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/canadian-journal-of-political-science-revue-canadienne-de-science-politique/article/the-federalization-of-immigration-and-integration-in-canada/96BF6B3931EB03B4CBE016FAC374D486

La construction provinciale comme mécanisme: le cas de l’immigration au Manitoba

Published by Politique et Sociétés

March 3, 2014

Dans le cadre d’une analyse de la croissance des activités en immigration et en intégration de tous les gouvernements provinciaux depuis le début des années 1990, cet article propose une revitalisation de la notion de « construction provinciale ». En prenant comme point de départ les critiques de Robert A. Young, Philippe Faucher et André Blais (1984), il y est suggéré de repositionner la construction provinciale en tant que mécanisme social. Par le biais de cette approche mécanistique et suivant l’observation du mécanisme dans dix cas, il est avancé que le mécanisme de construction provinciale opère par le biais de trois composantes à l’échelle d’une province – l’activation, la consensualisation et l’institutionnalisation – et produit des effets variables, en fonction du contexte dans lequel il est enclenché. Le potentiel heuristique de cette approche est illustré en retraçant comment un mécanisme de construction provinciale centré sur l’immigration s’est mis en mouvement au Manitoba à partir des années 1990.

URL: http://www.erudit.org/revue/ps/2014/v33/n3/1027942ar.html

Beyond appearances: citizenship tests in Canada and the UK

Published by Journal of International Migration and Integration

May 2, 2012

Bureaucrats as Immigration Policy-makers: The Case of Subnational Immigration Activism in Canada, 1990–2010

Published by Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies

September 19, 2015

Since the 1990s, subnational governments in Canada have become increasingly active towards immigrant selection and immigration integration. In dialogue with scholarship on immigration policy-making and public administration, this article demonstrates that bureaucrats, acting as policy entrepreneurs, have been instrumental in initiating subnational immigration activism in Canada between 1990 and 2010. By studying immigration policy-making ‘from the ground up’, three types of entrepreneurs are identified based on empirical research in the 10 Canadian provinces: classical entrepreneur, policy puzzler and diagonal innovator. New research questions are generated by the demonstration that subnational immigration politics in Canada is a form of client of mode politics, but where clients are absent and where independent within state actors are the moving forces.

URL: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/1369183X.2015.1023185


Mirielle Paquet is a political scientist with an expertise in Canadian politics, public policy and immigration. I also conduct research on provincial politics (Quebec but mostly all Canadian provinces) and am an active observer of federal and municipal politics. I am recognized for my capacity to explain and analyze Quebec politics for non-Quebec audience. Je suis une politologue détenant une expertise en immigration, en politiques publiques et politique canadienne. J'effectue aussi des recherches sur les provinces (le Québec et les autres provinces) et je suis activement la politique fédérale et municipale. Bio officielle: Mireille Paquet studies public policies for immigrant selection and immigrant integration in Canada and in other traditional immigrant-receiving societies. She directs the Centre for Immigration Policy Evaluation (CIPE). Her current work – funded by the SSHRC and by the FQRSC – focuses on the governance of immigration and integration policies in federal regimes (Canada, United States and Australia), with a specific attention to the activism and activities of subnational units. Dr. Paquet is also conducting research on public administration and immigration, and is especially interested in the role of public servant in the formulation of immigrant selection policies. In the past, she has also conducted research on citizenship policy, citizenship tests and civic integration, immigration integration in Canada and on policies to attract and integrate newcomers in francophone minority communities. Je suis francophone et trop bilingue !


Prix Pierre Le François | Professional

Meilleure thèse en science politique, département de science politique, Université de Montréal

Expert Commentators of the Year | Professional

President’s Media Outreach Awards and Concordia University Communications Services

Concordia University Research Award (Person and Society) | Professional

Concordia’s University Research Award winners are selected for their exceptional achievements and their contributions to advancing knowledge, building a productive training environment for students and increasing the university’s visibility as a research institution http://www.concordia.ca/cunews/main/stories/2016/08/02/9-outstanding-researchers-university-research-award-petro-canada-young-innovator-award-recipients.html

Additional Titles and Affiliations

Center for Immigration Policy Evaluation (CIPE)

Centre de recherche interdisciplinaire sur la diversité (CRIDAQ)

Centre pour l'évaluation des politiques d'immigration (CEPI)


  • Québec
  • Quebec politics
  • Public Policy
  • Public Administration
  • Mechanisms
  • Immigration Issues
  • Immigration
  • Immigration and Citizenship
  • Federalism
  • Federalism and multilevel governance
  • Citizenship
  • Canadian Politics
  • Canada
  • Australia


  • Université de Montréal
    Political Science
    PhD, 2013

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