We're more vulnerable to heat-related illnesses than we think: study
CBC News, July 23, 2016Online
People tend to underestimate their own vulnerability to heat-related illnesses during prolonged periods of hot weather, says Anne Wilson. The professor of social psychology at Wilfrid Laurier University is one of the lead researchers of an ongoing study at the university looking at the impact of heat-related illnesses on vulnerable populations. She said it's this attitude of, "It can happen to you, but not me," that often causes people to be unprepared in coping with the heat.
Be it resolved, it’s that time of year
ObserverXtra, December 31, 2015Online
Anne Wilson, psychology professor at Wilfrid Laurier University with a focus on identity and goal setting, says often we set goals that don’t end up panning out, especially at New Year’s. But she’s got some tips for making them stick. “One of the best pieces of advice that’s backed up by evidence is it’s better to set small achievable goals and those goals are still perfectly fine if they fit into a bigger picture way that you want to see your life changing,” Wilson said.
When size justifies: Intergroup attitudes and subjective size judgments of “Sacred Space”
Published by Journal of Experimental Social Psychology
September 1, 2014
Four studies demonstrate that people’s representations of an area’s size are subjective and shaped by context and relevant attitudes. Americans expressing greater anti-Muslim sentiment desired a Muslim or Arab structure to be further away from Ground Zero, and in turn enlarge the subjective size of Ground Zero. This spontaneous expansion of area occurs relative to those expressing less anti-Muslim sentiment (Studies 1–4), to people considering an desired ingroup structure (Study 2), and to those considering neutral outgroup (Studies 3–4) and ingroup (Study 4) structures. People subjectively enlarged Ground Zero by expanding the “inclusion criteria” for their definition of the space. Attitudes and desires concerning an encroaching structure can cause people to perceive a symbolically meaningful space as larger, allowing them to justify their opposition: if an unwanted structure must be outside a “sacred” ingroup space, enlarging the subjective size of the protected space justifies opposition to the encroachment.
The post birthday world: Consequences of temporal landmarks for temporal self-appraisal and motivation
Published by Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
February 1, 2013
Much as physical landmarks help structure our representation of space, temporal landmarks such as birthdays and significant calendar dates structure our perception of time, such that people may organize or categorize their lives into "chunks" separated by these markers. Categories on the temporal landscape may vary depending on what landmarks are salient at a given time. We suggest these landmarks have implications for identity and motivation. The present research examined consequences of salient temporal landmarks for perceptions of the self across time and motivation to pursue successful future selves. Studies 1 and 2 show that temporally extended selves are perceived as less connected to, and more dissimilar from, the current self when an intervening landmark event has been made salient. Study 3 addresses the proposed mechanism, demonstrating that intervening landmarks lead people to categorize pre- and postlandmark selves into separate categories more often than when the same time period contains no salient landmarks. Finally, we examined whether landmark-induced mental contrasting of present state and future desired state could increase goal-pursuit motivation (in an effort to bridge the gap between inferior present and better future states). Studies 4-6 demonstrate that landmark-induced discrepancies between current health and hoped-for future health increased participants' motivation to exercise and increased the likelihood that they acted in line with their future-oriented goals.
The sooner, the better: Temporally proximal exercise outcomes promote intrinsic motivation
Published by Applied Psychology: Health and Well-Being
September 1, 2014
Despite evidence that outcomes are highly valued when they are expected sooner rather than further into the future (Ainslie, 1975), limited research effort has been devoted to understanding the role of exercise outcome proximity. The purpose of this study was to examine how temporal proximity to positive outcomes influences exercisers' intrinsic motivation. We expected that focusing people on temporally proximal exercise outcomes would increase intrinsic motivation, especially among low-frequency exercisers. Conclusions: This study reveals the importance of considering proximity as an important dimension of exercise outcomes-particularly when promoting intrinsic motivation among relatively infrequent exercisers.
Marking time: Selective use of temporal landmarks as barriers between current and future selves
Published by Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin
January 1, 2014
Temporal landmarks such as birthdays and significant calendar dates structure our perception of time. People might highlight temporal landmarks spontaneously in an effort to regulate connections between temporal selves. Five studies demonstrated that landmarks are used spontaneously to induce psychological separation from undesirable temporal selves. Participants were more likely to think of events that fell in between the current and the future self if an imagined future self was negative than if it was positive (Studies 1a, 1b, and 2). Furthermore, when a self-enhancement mindset was activated, participants were more likely to call to mind intervening temporal landmarks to protect themselves from a negative future self than when this mindset was not activated (Study 3). Finally, when psychological separations between the current self and a negative future self were introduced through alternate means, participants no longer selectively used landmarks to separate themselves from this future self (Study 4).
Implicit theories of change and stability moderate effects of subjective distance on the remembered self
Published by Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin
June 18, 2015
Temporal self-appraisal theory suggests that people can regulate current self-view by recalling former selves in ways that flatter present identity. People critique their subjectively distant (but not recent) former selves, creating the illusion of improvement over time. However, this revisionist strategy might not apply to everyone: People with fixed (entity) beliefs may not benefit from critiquing even distant selves. In three studies, we found that implicit theories of change and stability moderate the effects of subjective distance on the remembered self. In all studies, participants rated past selves portrayed as subjectively close or distant (controlling calendar time). Incremental theorists (but not entity theorists) were more critical of their subjectively distant (but not recent) past attributes. We found the same pattern when measuring existing implicit theories (Studies 1, 2) or manipulating them (Study 3). The present research is the first to integrate temporal self-appraisal theory and the implicit theories literature.
Dr. Wilson is a social psychology professor and Canada Research Chair at Wilfrid Laurier University. She is an expert in self and identity, the psychology of time, goal pursuit and motivation, social inequality, and sociocultural norms. She is a Fellow of the Successful Societies Program of the Canadian Institute for Advanced Research and a member of the College of New Scholars Artists and Scientists, Royal Society of Canada.
Tier II Canada Research Chair in Social Psychology | Professional
Term 2 renewal in 2012. The Canada Research Chairs Program invests approximately $265 million per year to attract and retain some of the world’s most accomplished and promising minds. Chairholders aim to achieve research excellence in engineering and the natural sciences, health sciences, humanities, and social sciences. See more: http://www.chairs-chaires.gc.ca/chairholders-titulaires/profile-eng.aspx?profileId=2475
Member of the College of New Scholars, Artists, and Scientists, Royal Society of Canada | Professional
The Members of the College are Canadians and Permanent Residents who, at an early stage in their career, have demonstrated a high level of achievement. The criteria for election is excellence, and membership is for seven years. Up to 100 Members may be elected each year. See more: http://www.rsc.ca/en/college-new-scholars-artists-and-scientists
Fellow, Canadian Institute for Advanced Research (CIFAR), Successful Societies Program | Professional
Successful societies are those that create conditions that lead to better health, well-being and resilience for individuals and communities. The program aims to identify the cultural and social frameworks that put societies on a path toward greater and more equitable prosperity. See more: https://www.cifar.ca/research/successful-societies/
Fellow, Canadian Psychological Association | Professional
Fellows shall be Members of the Association who have made a distinguished contribution to the advancement of the science or profession of psychology or who have given exceptional service to their national or provincial associations. See more: http://www.cpa.ca/aboutcpa/cpaawards/fellows
Appointed by Minister of Science to Advisory Panel for the Review of Federal Support for Fundamental Science | Professional
Time for a change: When, why, and for whom is the passage of time linked to perceptions of change in the temporally-extended self?
Self and Identity Preconference, annual convention of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology
San Diego, California, USA, January 28, 2016
What implications do societal beauty ideals have for girls' and women's well-being and relationships? What can we do about it?
United Way Women's Giving Circle
Waterloo, Ontario, Canada, June 1, 2015
Subjective judgments of uncertainty in the face of future climate threats
Interdisciplinary Workshop on Emotion, Cognition, and Water Decisions
Fergus, Ontario, Canada, August 10, 2015
Social identity and responses to intergroup historical injustice
Meeting of the Successful Societies Group, Canadian Institute for Advanced Research (CIFAR)
Toronto, Ontario, Canada, May 1, 2015
Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (Insight Development Grant)Organization: Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada
Project: Reducing Social Vulnerability for Extreme-Heat Events in the Elderly: The Role of Risk Perception in a Social Environmental Context (with Manuel Riemer and Stacey Gibson, co-investigators)
Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (Insight Grant)Organization: Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada
Project: Subjective perception of time, causality, and probability in judgments of future climate change risk
Successful Societies FellowOrganization: Canadian Institute for Advanced Research
Fellowship to support Successful Societies Research Program
Canadian Research ChairOrganization: Government of Canada (The Canada Research Chairs Program)
Tier II Canada Research Chair in Social Psychology (renewal)